× You are not currently logged in. To receive all the benefits our site has to offer, we encourage you to log in now.

Knowledge Repository

Understanding Design Vulnerabilities in the Physical Environment Relating to Patient Fall Patterns in a Psychiatric Hospital: Seven Years of Sentinel Events

Author(s): Bayramzadeh, S., Portillo, M., Carmel-Gilfilen, C.
​Finding effective ways to prevent patient falls and fall-related injuries has been an ongoing struggle and debate for many modern medical practitioners. Previous studies have shown that nearly 30% of falls that occur in hospital settings result in injuries and, subsequently, additional treatments.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2019

Optimal spaces for those living with dementia: Principles and evidence

Author(s): Barrett, P., Sharma, M., Zeisel, J.
​The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies dementia as a major cause of dependency among elderly populations around the world, with roughly 50 million people affected at the time of this writing.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2019

What makes a garden in the elderly care facility well used?

Author(s): Shi, S. L., Tong, C. M., Marcus, C. C.
The World Health Organization estimates that by 2050, 22% of the world’s population will be over the age of 60. As the population of this age group continually increases, healthcare providers are constantly striving to improve the quality of long-term care facilities so that they can provide better experiences for elderly patients.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2019

Exploring the Effects of Clinical Exam Room Design on Communication, Technology Interaction, and Satisfaction

Author(s): Zamani, Z., Harper, E. C.
The use of electronic health records (EHRs) in exam rooms is common, but research assessing the impact of EHRs on the exam experience is mixed.  Limited research for healthcare design suggests exam room layouts can influence patient-provider interactions through improved information sharing.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2020

Evaluation of a sound environment intervention in an ICU: A feasibility study

Author(s): Johansson, L., Lindahl, B., Knutsson, ., Ögren, M., Persson Waye, K., Ringdal, M.
Long-term studies measuring acoustics in ICU environments is lacking. This information is important to understand the effects of sound on seriously ill patients and those suffering from ICU delirium.
Key Point Summary
Added April 2018

Decentralization: The Corridor Is the Problem, Not the Alcove

Author(s): Hamilton, K., Swoboda, S. M., Lee, J.-T., Anderson, D. C.
This study explored changes within the healthcare industry (e.g., single-patient rooms, electronic medical records, etc.) and the shift to a more linear unit design as factors that could be leading to communication breakdowns, challenging the notion that a decentralized nursing station is the primary contributor.  
Key Point Summary
Added December 2017

Safety and Security Concerns of Nurses Working in the Intensive Care Unit: A Qualitative Study

Author(s): Keys, Y., Stichler, J. F.
Vulnerability, instability, and complexity define most patients requiring intensive care. The intensive care unit, or ICU, setting hence has two primary roles, according to the authors – to offer a dedicated space for such patients to be cared for by clinicians and to offer a supportive environment for effective and efficient caregiving. 
Key Point Summary
Added December 2017

Creation of an Adult Observation Unit: Improving Outcomes.

Author(s): Plamann, J. M., Zedreck-Gonzalez, J., Fennimore, L.
​Many patients who visit emergency departments do not need to be admitted but also are not ready for discharge. To improve throughput and reduce wait time, an alternative would be placing them under observation in a special observation unit.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2017

Evaluating Nurses' Perception of Patient Safety Design Features in Intensive Care Units

Author(s): Islam, F., Rashid, M.
Patient safety subsets of efficient work process, patient room design, accessibility and visibility, and maintaining sterility were explored further following a smaller study using similar patient safety scales. This study used an electronic disbursement of a patient safety questionnaire to intensive care unit (ICU) nurses to increase the sample size from the original study. This larger study also took nurse characteristics into account, which the original study had not assessed.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2017

Seasonal variation of window opening behaviors in two naturally ventilated hospital wards

Author(s): Shi, Z., Qian, H., Zheng, X., Lv, Z., Li, Y., Liu, L., Nielsen, P. V.
Natural ventilation is important in controlling indoor air temperature and quality. According to the authors, airborne infections can be reduced in hospitals among patients and staff when natural cross ventilation is used.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2019