Falls and injury are of great concern in healthcare institutions, even more so in wards which are likely to have older patients who are at higher fall risk. While falls can be prevented by careful treatment of intrinsic factors (to do with the patients' own health), extrinsic factors in the environment, that could increase the likelihood of falls such as poor lighting, clutter etc. must also be concerned. Of particular relevance is the issue of flooring which is a large investment for the hospital and sets the stage for patients and staff to move upon.