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Knowledge Repository

Why the elderly fall in residential care facilities,and suggested remedies

Author(s): Kallin, K., Jensen, J., Olsson, L. L., Nyberg, L., Gustafson, Y.
Falls and their consequences—such as fractures and other injuries, fear of falling, impaired functions, and dependency—are serious health problems in the older population. Older people living in residential care facilities and those receiving long-term institutional care seem particularly prone to falling and fractures caused by falls. Almost half of all patients with hip fractures in Umea, Sweden, during the 1980s and the 1990s lived in residential care facilities, although fewer than 10 percent of the elderly population lived in such accommodations.  Falls among people aged 60 and older have been estimated to account for one-third of the total cost of medical treatment for all injuries in the Swedish population.
Key Point Summary

Use of Mechanical Patient Lifts Decreased Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Injuries Among Health Care Workers

Author(s): Li, J., Wolf, L., Evanoff, B.
Healthcare workers experience high rates of work-related musculoskeletal injuries, which are often the result of the frequent patient lifting and transferring required of healthcare workers. Studies suggest that mechanical patient lifts can help reduce musculoskeletal injury rates.
Key Point Summary

Effects of Acuity-Adaptable Rooms on Flow of Patients and Delivery of Care

Author(s): Hendrich, A. L., Fay, J., Sorrells, A.
Acuity-adaptable rooms could reduce patient transfer times, decrease costs, and increase patient quality of care and satisfaction. Researchers conducted a pre/post study in an acute care setting to evaluate the impact of moving to acuity-adaptable rooms on patient flow, hospital capacity, patient and staff satisfaction, sentinel events, average length of stay, and nursing productivity.
Key Point Summary

Incidents relating to the intra-hospital transfer of critically ill patients

Author(s): Beckmann, U., Gillies, D. M., Berenholtz, S. M., Wu, A. W., Pronovost, P.
Transportation of critically ill patients between hospitals can increase complications. Intrahospital transportation poses many of the same risks. Examining these incidents could uncover ways to improve patient safety during transportation. 
Key Point Summary

Simple Additions to the Pharmacy Waiting Area May Increase Patient Satisfaction

Author(s): Cheng, C.
Simple changes to pharmacy waiting areas, such as hanging posters related to the prescription filling process, are linked to patient satisfaction with a pharmacy.
Key Point Summary

Are Pediatric Practice Settings Adolescent Friendly? An Exploration of Attitudes and Preferences

Author(s): Tivorsak, T., Britto, M., Klostermann, B., Nebrig, D., Slap, G.
Adolescents would like the treatment settings they experience to be designed to reflect their design preferences. This is a comprehensive, early study clearly delineating the details of those preferred environments.
Key Point Summary

The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital of the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity

Author(s): Ulrich, R.P., Quan, X., Zimring, C.P., Joseph, A., Choudhary, R.

Preventing Harm from Phthalates, Avoiding PVC in Hospitals

Author(s): Ruzickova, K., Cobbing, M.,, Rossi, M. , Belazzi, T.

Guideline for hand hygiene in healthcare settings

Author(s): Weinstein, R.A., Siegel, J.D., Pearson, M.L., Chinn, R.Y.W., DeMaria, A., Larson, E.L., Lee, J.T., Rutala, W.A., Scheckler, W.E., Underwood, M.A., Boyce, J.M., Farr, B.M., Jarvis, W.R., McGuckin, M., O'Boyle, C., Pittet, D., Siegel, J.D., Widmer, A.F., Zeller, J., Stover, B.H.

Polymerase chain reaction used for the detection of airborne Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health care settings

Author(s): Wan, G.H., Lu, S.C., Tsai, Y.H.