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Knowledge Repository

Can flooring and underlay materials reduce hip fractures in older people?

Author(s): Minns, J.
Falls resulting in fracture of the hip in older people are a major health problem worldwide. Flooring that is slippery and unsuitable footwear are other major factors contributing to the onset of fractures in the home. Building design should incorporate measures to minimize the risk of falls.
Key Point Summary

Interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Author(s): Chang, J.T., Morton, S.C, Rubenstein, L. Z., Mojica, W.A., Maglione, M., Suttorp, M.J., Shekelle, P. G.
Falls are a major health concern for older adults worldwide, not only because of the potential for fractures and head injuries, but also for the emotional toll—the fear and anxiety—that can develop as a result of an injury or close call. While the literature on fall interventions is vast, there is limited understanding about the best methods for preventing falls. The authors conducted an extensive review and analysis of relevant, rigorous research trials to assess the relative effectiveness of different types of fall interventions. Under comparison were falls risk assessment and management programs, exercise programs, environmental modification programs, and educational interventions.
Key Point Summary

Does the type of flooring affect the risk of hip fracture?

Author(s): Simpson, A. H. R. W. , Lamb, S. , Roberts, P. J. , Gardner, T.N. , Grimley, E.J.
Hip fractures are a serious consequence of falls, especially for aging populations. Number of hip fractures occuring worldwide is estimated to reach 6.3 million worldwide, by the year 2050. Conventionally the issue of fractures has been looked at in terms of intrinsic factors related to the patient. Extrinsic factors that could affect the impact, such as the floor (or surface of the impact) have not been investigated in great details. This UK based study seeks to fill this gap in the research. 
Key Point Summary

Color in Healthcare Environments: A Critical Review of the Research Literature

Author(s): Tofle, R.B., Schwartz, B., Yoon, S.-Y., Max-Royale, A.

Preventing Harm from Phthalates, Avoiding PVC in Hospitals

Author(s): Ruzickova, K., Cobbing, M.,, Rossi, M. , Belazzi, T.

Tomorrow's Patient Room

Author(s): Moore, M.

Development of a new analyzing model for quantifying pedestrian slip resistance characteristics: part 1- basic concepts and theories

Author(s): Kim, I.-J.

Influence of coronary intensive care acoustics on the physiological states and quality of care of patients

Author(s): Hagerman, I., Theorell, T., Ulrich, R.S., Blomkvist, V., Eriksen, C.A., Rasmanis, G.

Industrially interesting approaches to “low-CO2” cements

Author(s): Gartner, E.

Patient-friendly hospital environments: exploring the patients' perspective

Author(s): Douglas, C.H., Douglas, M.R.