× You are not currently logged in. To receive all the benefits our site has to offer, we encourage you to log in now.

Knowledge Repository

Characteristics and circumstances of falls in a hospital setting

Author(s): Hitcho, E., Krauss, M., Birge, S., Dunagan, W., Fischer, I., Johnson, S., Nast, P. A., Costantinou, E., Fraser, V. J.
Patient falls refer to patients’ unplanned descent to the floor with or without injuries to the patients. Patient falls are common for inpatients, averaging 2.3 to 7 falls per 1,000 patient days. About 30% of the falls lead to injuries, which contribute to higher healthcare cost. In order to prevent falls, it is very important to understand the epidemiology of patient falls, including the characteristics of fallers, the distribution and patterns of falls, contributing factors, and fall-related injuries.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2012

Prevention of falls in hospital inpatients. Agendas for research and practice

Author(s): Oliver, D.
Added October 2012

Risk factors and risk assessment tools for falls in hospital in-patients: a systematic review

Author(s): Oliver, D., Daly, F., Martin, F.C., McMurdo, M.E.T.
Added October 2012

Designing with health in mind. Innovative design elements can make hospitals safer, more healing places

Author(s): Sadler, B.L.
Added October 2012

Development of a new analyzing model for quantifying pedestrian slip resistance characteristics: part 1- basic concepts and theories

Author(s): Kim, I.-J.
Added October 2012

Promoting a safe environment for confused older people at risk from falling in hospital

Author(s): Walker, W.
Added October 2012

Can flooring and underlay materials reduce hip fractures in older people?

Author(s): Minns, J.
Falls resulting in fracture of the hip in older people are a major health problem worldwide. Flooring that is slippery and unsuitable footwear are other major factors contributing to the onset of fractures in the home. Building design should incorporate measures to minimize the risk of falls.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2014

The use of single patient rooms versus multiple occupancy rooms in acute care environments

Author(s): Chaudhury, H, Mahmood, A , Valente, M
Added October 2012

When do elderly in-hospital patients fall?

Author(s): von Renteln-Kruse, W., Krause, T.
Added October 2012

Why the elderly fall in residential care facilities,and suggested remedies

Author(s): Kallin, K., Jensen, J., Olsson, L. L., Nyberg, L., Gustafson, Y.
Falls and their consequences—such as fractures and other injuries, fear of falling, impaired functions, and dependency—are serious health problems in the older population. Older people living in residential care facilities and those receiving long-term institutional care seem particularly prone to falling and fractures caused by falls. Almost half of all patients with hip fractures in Umea, Sweden, during the 1980s and the 1990s lived in residential care facilities, although fewer than 10 percent of the elderly population lived in such accommodations.  Falls among people aged 60 and older have been estimated to account for one-third of the total cost of medical treatment for all injuries in the Swedish population.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2014