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Knowledge Repository

Airborne severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus concentrations in a negative-pressure isolation room

Author(s): Tsai, Y.-H., Wan, G.-H., Wu, Y.-K., Tsao, K.-C.

Medication Dispensing Errors and Potential Adverse Drug Events before and after Implementing Bar Code Technology in the Pharmacy

Author(s): Poon, E. G., Cina, J. L., Churchill, W., Patel, N., Featherstone, E., Rothschild, J. M., Keohane, C. A., Whittemore, A. D., Bates, D. W., Gandhi, T. K.
Medication errors are errors that occur while ordering, transcribing, dispensing, administering, or monitoring medications. Medication dispensing errors refer to discrepancies between a prescription and the medication dispensed by a pharmacist.
Key Point Summary

What has architecture got to do with dementia care?: Explorations of the relationship between quality of life and building design in two EQUAL projects

Author(s): Torrington, J.

Sustained reduction in serious fall-related injuries in older people in hospital.

Author(s): Fonda, D., Cook, J., Sandler, V., Bailey, M.
Falls are the leading cause of injury in Australian hospitals, with 38 percent of all hospital incidents related to falls. In hospital settings, single interventions have not been proven successful in preventing or reducing falls, whereas multisystem or multi-strategy approaches have shown to be more effective.
Key Point Summary

An exploration of the meanings of space and place in acute psychiatric care

Author(s): Andes, M., Shattell, M. M.
The effectiveness of acute psychiatric care (or short-term psychiatric care) owes much to the design of the physical space inhabited by both patients and mental health professionals. The structure of psychiatric care centers and the barriers they either create or remove between patients and healthcare practitioners can potentially influence patient recovery and employee well-being. Some argue that private, physically exclusionary spaces designed specifically for nurses are necessary in order to protect sensitive information and provide psychological solace for the nurses themselves. 
Key Point Summary

Assessing and comparing physical environments for nursing home residents: using new tools for greater research specificity

Author(s): Cutler, L. J., Kane, R. A., Degenholtz, H. B., Miller, M. J., Grant, L.
At the time of this article’s publication (2018), there was an estimated population of two million elderly patients living in nursing homes. The authors suggest that approaches for optimizing the designs of nursing homes are unclear and relatively unexplored, resulting in negative connotations towards nursing homes among residents and the public alike.
Key Point Summary

Post Occupancy Evaluation: Development of a Standardised Methodology for Australian Health Projects

Author(s): Carthey, J.

Why walkers slip: shine is not a reliable cue for slippery ground

Author(s): Joh, A. S., Adolph, K. E., Campbell, M. R., Eppler, M. A.

Keep music live: music and the alleviation of apathy in dementia subjects

Author(s): Holmes, C., Knights, A., Dean, C., Hodkinson, S., Hopkins, V.
 Over 50% of all people diagnosed with dementia reportedly exhibit apathetic or socially withdrawn behaviors. These behaviors are often problematic for the patients themselves as well as for the individuals tending to the patient’s needs. Treatment with antidepressants is common in these situations, but their effectiveness is supported only by weak evidence, and the issue of over-prescription and its subsequent adverse effects has become a major problem in healthcare environments. 
Key Point Summary

Caring or uncaring – meanings of being in an oncology environment

Author(s): Edvardsson, D., Sandman, P. O., Rasmussen, B.
The idea that the physical environment impacts health and well-being has been explored throughout history. In modern contexts, studies have been conducted to show how hospital design features such as art and views of natural scenery can positively influence patient experience, and how environmental variables such as sound, architecture, and color can affect different biomedical responses in...
Key Point Summary