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Knowledge Repository

The Influence of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Design on Sound Level

Author(s): Chen, H.-L., Chen, C.-H., Wu, C.-C., Huang, H.-J., Wang, T.-M., Hsu, C.-C.
Preterm infants receiving care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are especially susceptible to adverse effects caused by excessive noise. Previous studies indicate that the physical designs of NICUs themselves hold a large influence over the overall noise level.
Key Point Summary

Perceived barriers to physical activity among older adults residing in long-term care institutions

Author(s): Chen, Y. M.
It is well documented by the World Health Organization (WHO), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and other worldwide healthcare organizations that regular physical activity has several benefits, particularly for the elderly. The detriments to their physical and mental health are also well documented. Yet it is seen that a substantial proportion of the elderly do not pursue physical activity on a regular basis. 
Key Point Summary

Improving the Patient Experience: Best Practices for Safety-Net Clinic Redesign

Author(s): Gulwadi, G., Keller, A., Joseph, A.

Patients’ Perception of Music versus Ordinary Sound in a Postanaesthesia Care Unit: A Randomized Crossover Trial

Author(s): Fredriksso, A., Hellstrom, L. & Nilsson, U.
A healing environment helps patients refocus from negative stimuli to something pleasant and familiar, allowing them to escape into ‘‘their own world.” One feature of such an environment might be soothing music, an intervention that can help patients focus their awareness on the music and help in relaxation. Music is also closely linked to emotions and arousal. 
Key Point Summary

Impact of place of residence on relationship between quality of life and cognitive decline in dementia.

Author(s): Missotten, P., Thomas, P., Squelard, G., Di Notte, D., Fontaine, O., Paquay, L., Ylieff, M.
In patients with dementia and their family members and caregivers, quality of life (QOL) is an important parameter; much attention is given to its improvement. However, the theory of improved QOL at home compared with that at institutional residences for dementia patients has not been tested by a comparison of two groups of people according to their place of residence. Furthermore, there are few studies of populations of people with dementia, living at home or in an institution, distributed across all different stages of cognitive decline.
Key Point Summary

Are call light use and response time correlated with inpatient falls and inpatient dissatisfaction?

Author(s): Tzeng, H. M., Yin, C. Y.
Inpatients use call lights to seek nurses’ assistance. Although implied in patient safety, no studies have analyzed data related to the use of or response time to call lights collected by existing tracking mechanisms monitoring nursing practice.
Key Point Summary

Evaluation of Ceiling Lifts in Health Care Settings Patient Outcome and Perceptions

Author(s): Alamgir, H., L,i O. W., Yu, S., Gorman, E., Kidd, C.
Ceiling lifts have been introduced into healthcare settings to reduce manual patient lifting and thus occupational injuries. Although growing evidence supports the effectiveness of ceiling lifts, a paucity of research exists to link indicators, such as quality of patient care or patient perceptions, to the use of these transfer devices.
Key Point Summary

The effects of refurbishment on residents' quality of life and wellbeing in two Swedish residential care facilities

Author(s): Falk, H., Wijk, H., Persson, L.-O
The prevalence of elderly people with cognitive impairment in Swedish residential care facilities has been estimated to be approximately 50%, usually resulting in integrated populations with both cognitively intact and impaired residents. The physical environment must respond to the changing characteristics of their residents and variations within individuals over time to be able to provide for more than a single stage of fragility. 
Key Point Summary

Effects of low humidity and high air velocity in a heated room on physiological responses and thermal comfort after bathing: An experimental study

Author(s): Hashiguchi, N., Tochihara, T.
Winter often brings low humidity and high air flow from HVAC systems that may cause health-related issues for patients and can impact how comfortable they are before and after a bath.  
Key Point Summary

Using Rapid Assessment to Evaluate Noise on an In-Patient Unit

Author(s): Deitrick, L.M., Kennedy, P., Cyriax, C., Davies-Hathen, N.
Research shows that many hospitals are noisy from a variety of sources: people, environment, and machines. Further, this excessive noise can have negative effects on patients and staff including lost sleep, higher blood pressure, lower overall patient satisfaction, increased readmission rates, and increased employee stress levels.
Key Point Summary