× You are not currently logged in. To receive all the benefits our site has to offer, we encourage you to log in now.

Knowledge Repository

Adapting to Family-Centered Hospital Design: Changes in Providers’ Attitudes over a Two-Year Period

Author(s): France, D., Throop, P., Joers, B., Allen, L., Parekh, A., Rickard, D., Deshpande, J.
Although hospitals are being designed based on evidence-based design principles, it’s unclear how working in such an environment influences providers’ attitudes and professional performance.  
Key Point Summary

The Design of Adult Acute Care Units in U.S. Hospitals

Author(s): Catrambone, C., Johnson, M. E., Mion, L. C. & Minnick, A. F.
In 2005, the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) publicized a commissioned report about hospital environments (Nelson, West, & Goodman, 2005). The report included a summary of all published research (N=328 reports) about those environments and patient and staff outcomes, including safety, satisfaction, and efficiency, as well as clinical outcomes. 
Key Point Summary

Patients’ Perception of Music versus Ordinary Sound in a Postanaesthesia Care Unit: A Randomized Crossover Trial

Author(s): Fredriksso, A., Hellstrom, L. & Nilsson, U.
A healing environment helps patients refocus from negative stimuli to something pleasant and familiar, allowing them to escape into ‘‘their own world.” One feature of such an environment might be soothing music, an intervention that can help patients focus their awareness on the music and help in relaxation. Music is also closely linked to emotions and arousal. 
Key Point Summary

Hospital design and face-to-face interaction among clinicians: a theoretical model

Author(s): Rashid, M.
Current research focusing on collaboration between medical professionals has shown the importance of face-to-face interactions on patient and staff outcomes. However, most strategies for increasing these interactions among clinicians have focused on operational changes that are intended to facilitate a cultural change within the organization. This research looks to examine how the physical design of a healthcare facility can create opportunities for face-to-face interactions between clinicians through spatial programs and structure.
Key Point Summary

A plasma display window? – the shifting baseline problem in a technologically mediated natural world

Author(s): Kahn, P. H. Jr., Friedman, B., Brian Gill, Hagman, J., Severson, R. L., Freier, N. G., Feldman, E. N., Carrere, S., Stolyar, A.
The general purpose of this study is to test the physical and psychological effects of experiencing nature through a technology medium.  Past research has shown that contact with nature can lead to “enjoyment, satisfaction, and increased levels of satisfaction with one’s home, one’s job, and with life in general” (Kaplan & Kaplan, 1989, p. 173). So in an fast-changing world of technology-mediated healthcare, the question posed in this study revolves around whether simulated nature scenes can elicit the same health benefits that real nature has shown to produce.   
Key Point Summary

Impact of place of residence on relationship between quality of life and cognitive decline in dementia.

Author(s): Missotten, P., Thomas, P., Squelard, G., Di Notte, D., Fontaine, O., Paquay, L., Ylieff, M.
In patients with dementia and their family members and caregivers, quality of life (QOL) is an important parameter; much attention is given to its improvement. However, the theory of improved QOL at home compared with that at institutional residences for dementia patients has not been tested by a comparison of two groups of people according to their place of residence. Furthermore, there are few studies of populations of people with dementia, living at home or in an institution, distributed across all different stages of cognitive decline.
Key Point Summary

Are call light use and response time correlated with inpatient falls and inpatient dissatisfaction?

Author(s): Tzeng, H. M., Yin, C. Y.
Inpatients use call lights to seek nurses’ assistance. Although implied in patient safety, no studies have analyzed data related to the use of or response time to call lights collected by existing tracking mechanisms monitoring nursing practice.
Key Point Summary

Why do patients in acute care hospitals fall? Can falls be prevented?

Author(s): Dykes, P. C., Carroll, D. L., Hurley, A. C., Benoit, A., Middleton, B.
Despite a large quantitative evidence base for guiding fall risk assessment and not needing highly technical, scarce, or expensive equipment to prevent falls, falls are serious problems in hospitals.
Key Point Summary

Evaluation of Ceiling Lifts in Health Care Settings Patient Outcome and Perceptions

Author(s): Alamgir, H., L,i O. W., Yu, S., Gorman, E., Kidd, C.
Ceiling lifts have been introduced into healthcare settings to reduce manual patient lifting and thus occupational injuries. Although growing evidence supports the effectiveness of ceiling lifts, a paucity of research exists to link indicators, such as quality of patient care or patient perceptions, to the use of these transfer devices.
Key Point Summary

The effects of refurbishment on residents' quality of life and wellbeing in two Swedish residential care facilities

Author(s): Falk, H., Wijk, H., Persson, L.-O
The prevalence of elderly people with cognitive impairment in Swedish residential care facilities has been estimated to be approximately 50%, usually resulting in integrated populations with both cognitively intact and impaired residents. The physical environment must respond to the changing characteristics of their residents and variations within individuals over time to be able to provide for more than a single stage of fragility. 
Key Point Summary