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Knowledge Repository

The antimicrobial efficacy of copper alloy furnishing in the clinical environment: a crossover study

Author(s): Karpanen, T. J., Casey, A. L., Lambert, P. A., Cookson, B. D., Nightingale, P., Miruszenko, L., Elliott, T. S.
Environmental hygiene has been regarded as one of the key areas in the prevention of HCAIs (healthcare associated infections) in hospital and acute care settings. Copper and its alloys have recently been considered for use in the healthcare environment as an antimicrobial surface material, and in 2008, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency approved the registration of copper and its alloys as antimicrobial materials. The main aim of this study was to determine whether copper incorporated into hospital ward furnishings and equipment can reduce their surface microbial load.
Key Point Summary

The Role of Art in a Paediatric Healthcare Environment from Children's and Young People's Perspectives

Author(s): Bishop, K.

Physical Environment Provisions of USP “Pharmaceutical Compounding—Sterile Preparations”

Author(s): Beebe, C.
USP <797> reports standards and policies for all physical environments in which compounded sterile preparations (CSPs) are prepared, packaged, and stored. The standards apply specifically to people who prepare CSPs and must take care to reduce the risk of contamination from their behaviors, hygiene, and clothing (i.e., garb). Clinical workers whose work lies within this realm must be individually trained and evaluated to maintain the standards and reduce microbial contamination that results from contact.
Key Point Summary

Quality Physical Environment in Paediatric Wards: Designer’s Creation Versus Users’ Satisfaction

Author(s): Ghazali, R., Abbas, M. Y.
Prior research has revealed that an optimal healing environment can enhance a child’s quality of life by supporting the healing process. However, little has been done to identify specific design features within an optimal healing environment that either impede or aid the healing process. 
Key Point Summary

Achieving EBD Goals Through Flooring Selection & Design

Author(s): Nanda, Upali, Malone, Eileen, Joseph, Anjali

Developing a multi-systemic fall prevention model, incorporating the physical environment, the care process and technology: A systematic review

Author(s): Choi, Y.-S., Lawler, E., Boenecke, C. A., Ponatoski, E. R., Zimring, C. M.
Falls are the most frequently reported negative events in hospitals in the United States and other countries, and about one-third of them result in injury of some type. Injury from falls can result in increased hospital stays, increased costs and litigation, among other problems. The authors reviewed the literature on falls, fall injuries, fall risk factors, and interventions to better understand the effectiveness of different methods for fall prevention in hospital settings.
Key Point Summary

Standing on textured surfaces: effects on standing balance in healthy older adults

Author(s): Hatton, A. L., Dixon, J., Rome, K., Martin, D.

Finishes and Furnishings: Considerations for Critical Care Environments

Author(s): Chambers, M., Bowman, K. L.
Finishes and furnishings play an important role in the healing environment and do affect patient health outcomes, staff satisfaction, operational efficiency, and costs. It is important to create properly designed critical care units. Involving healthcare providers in the design process is necessary to highlight the user’s perspective, preferences, choices, and comfort versus safety.
Key Point Summary

In vitro evaluation of a novel process for reducing bacterial contamination of environmental surfaces

Author(s): Baxa, D., Shetron-Rama, L., Golembieski, M., Golembieski, M., Jain, S., Gordon, M., Zervos, M.

The role played by contaminated surfaces in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens

Author(s): Otter, J. A., Yezli, S., French, G. L.