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Knowledge Repository

Developing architectural lighting designs to improve sleep in older adults

Author(s): Figueiro, M., Saldo, E., Rea, M., Kubarek, K., Cunningham, J., Rea, M. S.
Light affects human health and well-being by affecting our ability to see the world, perceive distances and spatial relationships as well as modulating our circadian system. The circadian system which maintains the body's 24-hour cycle is entrained by the light and dark cycles of day and night as well as an internal oscillator located in the brain and a hormone melatonin. The circadian system regulates many of the bodies activities including sleep. A majority of older adults in long term care facilities suffer from sleep problems.
Key Point Summary

A Novel PACU Design for Noise Reduction

Author(s): Smykowski, L.
As redesign and renovation of patient care units occur, health care providers need to consider the importance of lowering environmental stressors. Noise in the hospital environment is one well documented problem, with detrimental effects to both patients and staff.  The paper reviews the redesign of the organization's PACU that explored a unique floor plan to minimize noise and improve privacy.
Key Point Summary

Cancer Patients' Satisfaction With Care in Traditional and Innovative Ambulatory Oncology Clinics

Author(s): Groff, S. L., Carlson, L. E., Tsang, K., Potter, B. J.
Recent advances in cancer care allow more cancer patients to be treated on an ambulatory care basis, whether chemotherapy, radiation therapy or follow-up care. Care can include physical, psychological, and emotional challenges. Ambulatory oncology clinics have the opportunity to create positive treatment experiences for patients. 
Key Point Summary

Effects of different interior decorations in the seclusion area of a psychiatric acute ward

Author(s): Vaaler, A.E., Morken, G., Linaker, O.M.
Seclusion, or containment of a patient in an enclosed area, is a common practice in psychiatric acute wards. Traditionally such areas have been used for the dual purpose of meeting the safety and containment needs of behaviorally disturbed patients, and obtaining a decrease in sensory and emotional input (based on the belief that external stimuli would cause patients to suffer excessive mental anxiety). The design and furnishings of the seclusion area are influenced by this need to reduce external stimuli and maintain safety. They are typically sparsely furnished minimizing risk of any physical harm.
Key Point Summary

Bright light treatment against sleep disturbances in nursing homes--a non-pharmacological alternative

Author(s): Fetveit, A., Bjorvatn, B.r.

Recessed downlights: a new take on an old standby

Author(s): Gordon, K.L., McCullough, J.J.

Randomized clinical trial of bright light therapy for antepartum depression: Preliminary findings

Author(s): Epperson, C.N., Terman, M., Terman, J.S., Hanusa, B.H., Oren, D.A., Peindl, K.S., Wisner, K.L.

Medication Dispensing Errors in Community Pharmacies: A Nationwide Study

Author(s): Flynn, E. A., Dorris, N. T., Holman, G. T., Camahan, B. J., Barker, K. N
The available literature concerning medication dispensing errors provides relatively few studies that focus on community-based pharmacies, as much of the available research regarding dispensing errors has been conducted in single pharmacies that are associated with hospitals and medical centers, largely due to convenience. Although the dispensing process may be essentially the same, the validity of extending these findings to community pharmacies has yet to be tested. 
Key Point Summary

Bright light treatment of winter depression

Author(s): Eastman, C.I., Young, M.A., Fogg, L.F., Liu, L., Meaden, P.M.

Illumination and errors in dispensing

Author(s): Buchanan, T.L., Barker, K.N., Gibson, T., Pearson, R.E.