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Knowledge Repository

Antimicrobial drug use and infection control practices associated with the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in European hospitals

Author(s): MacKenzie, F. M., Bruce, J., Struelens, M. J., Goossens, H., Mollison, J., Gould, I. M.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics such as methicillin and cephalosporins. MRSA may cause serious infections to patients with open wounds, invasive devices, and weakened immune systems, which are in some cases extremely difficult to treat. In recent years, the rate of MRSA infections has been increasing globally and causing high morbidity, mortality, and healthcare cost.
Key Point Summary
Added October 2012

An outbreak of airborne nosocomial varicella

Author(s): Gustafson T. L., Lavely G. B., Brawner Jr., E. R., Hutcheson Jr., R. H., Wright, P. F., Schaffner, W.
An outbreak of nosocomial varicella was traced to airborne spread from an immunocompromised child hospitalized from Nov 11-19, 1980. Seventy potentially susceptible children were hospitalized on the ward during that period. Although the index patient remained in strict room isolation throughout his hospital stay, eight of these patients contracted varicella. The afternoon of November 12 was the...
Key Point Summary
Added August 2012

Carpeting in hospitals: an epidemiological evaluation

Author(s): Anderson, RL, Mackel, DC, Stoler, BS, Mallison, GF
Choice of flooring in a healthcare environment has tremendous cost implications. The impact of flooring on health related issues are only just beginning to be considered. A common issue of contention in healthcare design environments is the use of carpets and the implications for patient satisfaction and safety issues. While research shows that carpets may act as microbial reservoirs (especially in areas that are busy and associated with patient care) the relevance to disease, i.e. the epidemiological relevance, is not clear.
Key Point Summary
Added October 2012

A causal link between handwashing and risk of infection? Examination of the evidence

Author(s): Larson, E.
Added October 2012

Increased efficiency in evaluating patients with suspected tuberculosis by use of a dedicated airborne infection isolation unit

Author(s): Leonard, M.K., Egan, K.B., Kourbatova, E., White, N., Parrott, P., Del Rio, C., Blumberg, H.M.
Added October 2012

Distribution of multi-resistant Gram-negative versus Gram-positive bacteria in the hospital inanimate environment

Author(s): Lemmen, S.W., Hafner, H., Zollman, D., Stanzel, S., Lutticken, R.
Added October 2012

Evaluating use of flash sterilization in the OR with regard to postoperative infections

Author(s): Leonard, T., Speroni, K.G., Atherton, M., Corriher, J.
Added October 2012

Infection and sepsis after operations for total hip or knee-joint replacement: influence of ultraclean air, prophylactic antibiotics and other factors

Author(s): Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J., Whyte, W., Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J., Lowe, D.
Added October 2012

Bacillus species pseudobacteremia following hospital construction

Author(s): Loeb, M., Wilcox, L., Thornley, D., Gun-Munro, J., Richardson, H.
Added October 2012

Control of construction-associated nosocomial aspergillosis in an antiquated hematology unit

Author(s): Loo, V.G., Bertrand, C., Dixon, C., Vitye, D., DeSalis, B., McLean, A.P., Brox, A., Robson, H.G.
Added October 2012