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Knowledge Repository

Bringing the single versus multi-patient room debate to vulnerable patient populations: A systematic review of the impact of room types on hospitalized older people and people with neurological disorders

Author(s): Shannon, M. M., Lipson-Smith, R., Elf, M., Olver, J., Kramer, S., Bernhardt, J.

Infection prevention and control in paediatric office settings

Author(s): Moore, D. L.

Human factors considerations in designing for infection prevention and control in neonatal care – findings from a pre-design inquiry

Author(s): Trudel, C., Cobb, S., Momtahan, K., Brintnell, J., Mitchell, A.
Key Point Summary Coming Soon!

The Architecture Of Safety: An Emerging Priority For Improving Patient Safety

Author(s): Joseph, A., Henriksen, K., Malone, E.

The influence of spatial configuration on the frequency of use of hand sanitizing stations in health care environments

Author(s): Neo, J. R. J., Zadeh, R.
Key Point Summary Coming Soon!

Reduced nosocomial infection rate in a neonatal intensive care unit during a 4-year surveillance period

Author(s): Chen, Y.-C., Lin, C.-F., Rehn, Y-J. F., Chen, J-C., Chen, P.-Y., Chen, C.-H., Wang, T.-M., Huang, F.-L.
Infants receiving treatment within neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are subject to higher rates of nosocomial infection. This may be due to the immature nature of infant immune systems as well as the nature of modern diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
Key Point Summary

Relationship between hospital ward design and healthcare-associated infection rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author(s): Stiller, A., Salm, F., Bischoff, P., Gastmeier, P.

Is single room hospital accommodation associated with differences in healthcare-associated infection, falls, pressure ulcers or medication errors? A natural experiment with non-equivalent controls

Author(s): Simon, M., Maben, J., Murrells, T., Griffiths, P.
Previous studies have associated single-patient rooms with reduced infection rates, reduced medication errors, and faster patient recovery rates. In response, an increasing number of hospitals have been shifting towards an entirely single-patient room layout. Although there are plenty of studies from the U.K. providing empirical evidence for the efficacy of single-patient rooms, the United States lacks this foundation of published research, and could therefore benefit from an outcome analysis of single-patient rooms.
Key Point Summary

Environmental factors and their association with emergency department hand hygiene compliance: an observational study

Author(s): Carter, E. J., Wyer, P., Giglio, J., Jia, H., Nelson, G., Kauari, V. E., Larson, E. L.
Adherence to proper hand hygiene procedures has been repeatedly shown to help prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Emergency departments (EDs) often experience environmental conditions such as crowding and subsequently end up using non-traditional patient care areas such as hallways to administer treatment. It is possible that the use of non-traditional patient care areas contributes to lower levels of hand hygiene compliance.
Key Point Summary

Impact of sink location on hand hygiene compliance after care of patients with Clostridium difficile infection: a cross-sectional study

Author(s): Deyneko, A., Cordeiro, F., Berlin, L., Ben-David, D., Perna, S., Longtin, Y.
Hand hygiene is typically identified as the most important infection control measure. Many healthcare settings have adopted alcohol-based hand rub solutions because they are extremely easy to use, are accessible, and are effective against microbes. One limitation of alcohol-based hand rubs, however, is their ineffectiveness against spore-forming organisms such as Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Thus, hand washing in sinks rather than rubbing with solutions is highly recommended after caring for patients with CDI.
Key Point Summary