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Knowledge Repository

Client-Centered Design of Residential Addiction and Mental Health Care Facilities: Staff Perceptions of Their Work Environment

Author(s): Novotná, G., Urbanoski, K. A., Rush, B. R.

An Evaluation of Operating Room Safety and Efficiency: Pilot Utilization of a Structured Focus Group Format and Three-Dimensional Video Mock-Up To Inform Design Decision Making

Author(s): Watkins, N., Kobelja, M., Peavey, E., Thomas, S., Lyon, J.
While surgical and interventional procedures are the most profitable services within the hospital, the cost of building and maintaining an OR can quickly reduce the profitability of running an OR. Due to this precarious balance of revenue and cost, the planning and design of an OR should look to reduce injury to staff and prevent unnecessary costs, while increasing operational efficiencies.
Key Point Summary

The psychological effects of the physical healthcare environment on healthcare personnel

Author(s): , , Tanja-Dijkstra, K., Pieterse, M. E.

Ergonomics in Healthcare Facility Design, Part 1: Patient Care Areas

Author(s): Stichler, J. F., Feiler, J. L.

Environmental Congruence and Work-Related Stress in Acute Care Hospital Medical-Surgical Units: A Descriptive, Correlational Study

Author(s): Dendaas, N.
Nursing is known to be a particularly stressful job, and this often has direct ties to nursing shortages in the United States. Research attempting to better understand hospital nursing work environments has typically focused on social and organizational aspects of the work experience. Yet, the physical environment, which is known to impact work and organizational outcomes, has been studied to a much lesser extent. 
Key Point Summary

Same-Handed and Mirrored Unit Configurations: Is There a Difference in Patient and Nurse Outcomes?

Author(s): Watkins, N., Kennedy, M., Ducharme, M., Padula, C.
Awareness of the impact of healthcare facility design on a number of diverse patient and staff outcomes is growing. From patient recovery time, satisfaction, and comfort to nursing staff efficiency, error rates, and distraction, varied outcomes are being linked to environmental conditions and design attributes in hospital settings. Inpatient unit configurations, specifically same-handed configurations vs. mirrored units, are a particular area of interest for researchers, with implications for practitioners and patient care. Same-handed configurations, which standardize all rooms within a unit such that they are all identical, may allow for reduced noise as headwalls are no longer shared. 
Key Point Summary

Work environment factors other than staffing associated with nurses’ ratings of patient care quality

Author(s): Djukic, M., Kovner, C. T., Brewer, C.S., Fatehi, F.K., Cline, D.D.
There have been many studies on the impact of registered nurse (RN) staffing on patient care quality, but this study set out to identify other modifiable work environment factors linked to patient care quality. This information could be significant given that the projected shortage of approximately 250,000 RNs over the next 15 years will limit healthcare institutions’ ability to rely on RN staffing alone to ensure high-quality care. 
Key Point Summary

Healthcare Environmental Terms and Outcome Measures: An Evidence-based Design Glossary

Author(s): Quan, X., Malone, E., Joseph, A., Pati, D.