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Knowledge Repository

Review: The impact of art, design and environment in mental healthcare: A systematic review of the literature

Author(s): Daykin, N., Byrne, E., Soteriou, T., O'Connor, S.
There is increasing evidence that attractive environments can enhance the experiences of healthcare users. What creates attractive environments may be relative to the country where that healthcare is provided. This paper was written in the UK and was an attempt to find research that supports the use of art to create healing environments along with the role of art in encouraging civic pride. It was part of a two-year evaluation of a commissioned arts program in a UK mental health trust.
Key Point Summary

Building Health

Author(s): Edelstein, E. A.

Impact of Healthcare Environmental Design on Patient Falls

Author(s): Gulwadi, G.B., Calkins, M.P.

Guide to Evidence-Based Art

Author(s): Hathorn, K. , Nanda,U.

Analysis of Departmental Area in Contemporary Hospitals: Calculation Methodologies & Design Factors in Major Patient Care Departments

Author(s): Allison, D., Hamilton, D. K.
Ratios used to calculate proposed departmental gross square footage constitute key information used in the process of programming, planning, and design. The ratio of net [usable] square footage to departmental gross square footage is commonly called the “net-to-gross ratio.” It is used by programmers, planners, and consultants to project the total area of proposed departments based on programmed net square feet required to perform the proposed workload of the department. 
Key Point Summary

Impact of Single Family NICU Rooms on Family Behavior

Author(s): Shepley, M., Harris, D., White, R., Steinberg, F.

Physical Restraint Initiation in Nursing Homes and Subsequent Resident Health

Author(s): Engberg, J., Castle, N. G., McCaffrey, D.
Previous studies have shown that restraint use may be associated with mental health problems, including increased social isolation and decreased cognitive function. Social isolation negatively affects the health of elders. Facilities with restrained residents also have poor restraint-management practices. Two other well-known consequences of immobility are pressure ulcers and contractures. Pressure ulcers affect both the comfort and the medical outcomes of nursing home residents with impaired mobility.
Key Point Summary

Integrating Electronic Health Records in the Physical Environment: A Systems Approach

Author(s): Rich, C. R., Day, T. D.

Conveniently located “napping rooms” provide opportunity for night- and extended-shift providers to rest, leading to less fatigue and better performance.

 Healthcare providers are known for working unacceptably long hours and being chronically sleep deprived.  Often, physicians and nurses work 24+ hour shifts, leading to fatigue and avoidable errors that put both caregivers and patients at risk of serious injury or death.  Acute and chronic sleep deprivation can mimic the effects of drunkenness. 
Key Point Summary

Bed and Toilet Height as Potential Environmental Risk Factors.

Author(s): Capezuti, E., Wagner, L., Brush, B. L., Boltz, M., Renz, S., Secic, M.
Approximately 60 percent of all nursing home residents have difficulty transferring out of bed independently. The ability to safely rise to a standing position is an important determinant of independence among older adults. The ability to transfer out of bed from a sit to stand position is dependent on several general patient characteristics such as age, functional status, and disease state.
Key Point Summary