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Knowledge Repository

Hospital Room Design and Health Outcomes of the Aging Adult

Author(s): Lorenz, S. G., Dreher, H. M.
Private patient rooms have become the industry standard since the American Institute of Architects (AIA) recommended including private patient rooms in the design of all new acute care hospital construction projects. This recommendation was made due to research suggesting that private patient rooms help reduce infection, increase caregiver efficiency, provide greater privacy, and offer greater opportunity for families to participate in the healing process of their loved ones. Private patient rooms also have been linked to reductions in medication errors, noise levels, and potential for falls. However, evidence has yet to document if private patient rooms are advantageous to all patient populations, nor has it established the actual relationship between room type and health outcomes. 
Key Point Summary

Objective and subjective evaluation of psychiatric ward redesign

Author(s): Whitehead, C. C., Polsky, R. H., Crookshank, C., Fik, E.
At the time of this study, relatively little research had been done to explore the potential benefits of incorporating architectural designs geared specifically towards improved patient well-being in psychiatric treatment environments. A “psychoenvironmental” model incorporating therapeutic architectural designs into psychiatric healthcare environments was developed before the publication of this study; however, this particular model had not yet been examined empirically.
Key Point Summary

County Health Rankings: Relationships between Determinant Factors and Health Outcomes

Author(s): Hood, C. M., Gennuso, K. P., Swain, G. R., Catlin, B. B.

Design Research and Behavioral Health Facilities

Author(s): Shepley, M. M., Pasha, S.
In the interest of determining the state of knowledge on the relationship between behavioral health and the physical environment, the authors explored the literature on research, guidelines, and funding related to this topic.
Key Point Summary

The world health report 2000-health systems: improving performance

Author(s): WHO

Sleep in Acute Care Settings: An Integrative Review

Author(s): Redeker, N. S.
Despite three decades of research, little is known about sleep in acute care settings. Yet, for many adults in these settings, disturbed sleep is common. This literature review looks at studies of hospitalized patients in intensive care and medical surgical units.
Key Point Summary

Impact of the Physical Environment of Residential Health, Care, and Support Facilities (RHCSF) on Staff and Residents A Systematic Review of the Literature

Author(s): Joseph, A., Choi, Y.-S., Quan, X.
Strategies related to the design of the built environment should be considered within the context of the culture of the organization and the resident population. This study of the physical environment of residential health, care, and support facilities addresses the range of settings and population, where other studies have been lacking. The literature review strongly suggests that the built environment is an important component of care provided in residential care settings.
Key Point Summary

Lighting, sleep and circadian rhythm: An intervention study in the intensive care unit

Author(s): Engwall, M., Fridh, I., Johansson, L., Bergbom, I., Lindahl, B.
Regular daylight and night darkness provided over 24 hours is important for human health in supporting the body’s circadian rhythm. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are not exposed to this naturally occurring cycle and as result can suffer from sleep deprivation and are at risk for ICU delirium.
Key Point Summary

The Impact of an Acute Psychiatry Environment on Older Patients and Their Families

Author(s): Hung, L., Loewen, E., Bindley, B., McLaren, D., Feist, T., & Phinney, A.
There is a lack of research that examines impact of the designed environment on the experience of older adults and their families in healthcare settings.
Key Point Summary

Creating 'choice' environments

Author(s): Lancaster Health Group