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Knowledge Repository

A complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references MoreLess about the Knowledge Repository

The Knowledge Repository is a complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references that continues to grow with the latest peer-reviewed publications. Start with our Knowledge Repository for all of your searches for articles and research citations on healthcare design topics. Access full texts through the source link, read key point summaries, or watch slidecasts. Expand your search and find project briefs, interviews, and other relevant resources by visiting our Insights & Solutions page.


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Displaying 121 - 140 of 472

Environmental Variables That Influence Patient Satisfaction: A Review of the Literature

Author(s): MacAllister, L., Zimring, C., Ryherd, E.
This paper is a literature review that compiles a number of studies investigating the layouts and designs of hospitals and work settings, and the influences that these environments have on health and behavioral outcomes in patients. More specifically, this review seeks to identify possible links between physical and social environmental influences to self-reported patient outcomes. The authors wish to more fully understand the elements that influence patient satisfaction, and then begin a discussion over how physical and social environments can be further analyzed to enhance satisfaction.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2016

Security Implications of Physical Design Attributes in the Emergency Department

Author(s): Pati, D., Pati, S., Harvey, T. E.
In this paper, the authors consider “security” a subset of “safety,” and note that security is imperative for providing efficient patient care, especially in emergency departments (EDs). Security is defined as the protection of people and property, while safety is defined as the broader concept of delivering patient care.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2016

County Health Rankings: Relationships between Determinant Factors and Health Outcomes

Author(s): Hood, C. M., Gennuso, K. P., Swain, G. R., Catlin, B. B.
Added August 2016

Surface Finish Materials: Considerations for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

Author(s): Harris, D.
In this literature review, it is shown that a growing body of research has been focusing on how surface material finishes within neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) can contribute to the operational, clinical, and social aspects of health outcomes.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2016

Investigation of Eligible Picture Categories for Use as Environmental Cues in Dementia-Sensitive Environments

Author(s): Motzek, T., Bueter, K., Marquardt, G.
Dementia often manifests in populations of elderly people who are admitted to acute care facilities. The disorienting nature of hospital environments can exacerbate the condition of dementia, leading to challenging behavior from patients that can affect staff, other patients, and the patients themselves. Previous studies have found that personalized labels and signs, such as photographic portraits of residents themselves, are effective environmental markers in long-term healthcare facilities.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2016

Secondary exposure risks to patients in an airborne isolation room: Implications for anteroom design

Author(s): Mousavi, E. S., Grosskopf, K. R.
Previous research has shown that negatively pressurized Airborne Infectious Isolation Rooms (AIIRs) can protect hospitals from fatal airborne pathogens such as tuberculosis. But this use of negative pressurization can simultaneously increase the chances of isolated patients contracting secondary infections, or healthcare-acquired infections (HAIs), caused by air blowing in from adjacent spaces. Research is needed to better assess the actual likelihood of secondary infections occurring in these scenarios so that steps can be taken to mitigate these risks.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2016

Personal and behavioral determinants of active aging

Author(s): Alves de Brito Fernandes, W.A., Fernandes Barbosa, K.T., Rodrigues Lopes de Oliveira, F.M., Medeiros de Brito, F.M., Nascimento de Lyra Ramos, S.S., Melo Fernandes, A., Moraes de Oliveira, S., Fontana, N., Moreira de Lacerda, H.J., Carvalho de Soares, L., Barbosa Nunes, T., Melo Fernandes, M.G.
Added September 2016

Reducing hospital noise with sound acoustic panels and diffusion: a controlled study

Author(s): Farrehi, P. M., Nallamothu, B. K., Navvab, M.
Ambient noise is a well-known source of stress in healthcare environments. Hospitals have employed methods such as shielding patients with closed doors, altering staff behaviors, and moving equipment, but these approaches can disrupt workflows and do not address the realities of sound generation within hospitals.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2017

Towards Healing Environment for the Inpatient Unit in Psychiatric Hospital

Author(s): Ramadan, M. G.
Previous research shows that physical designs within healthcare environments play a key role in promoting patient well-being. The design of a given healthcare facility directly affects the efficiency with which care is delivered, as well as affecting the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of its staff members.
Key Point Summary
Added June 2017

Exploring staff perceptions on the role of physical environment in dementia care setting

Author(s): Lee, S. Y., Chaudhury, H., Hung, L.
Person-centered care is spreading into environments for the elderly population, particularly those with dementia. It is a philosophy of care recognizing that each person has an equal right to dignity, respect, and to participate in their environment (Alzheimer Society of Canada, 2011; Brooker & Surr, 2005). Recently, attention in the literature has been paid to studying the impact the built...
Key Point Summary
Added October 2017

Wayfinding Behaviors In A Healthcare Environment: A Case Study Analysis Of Individual Differences

Author(s): Sevinç, Z., Bozkurt, E.
Wayfinding in healthcare facilities is often a challenge. Given the complexity of the space, its multi-functionality and the assortment of activities that take place on its premises, the inability to smoothly find one’s way in a hospital can add to a patient’s stress.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2015

Keeping an Eye Out: Real Time, Real World Modeling of Behavior in Health Care Settings

Author(s): Beorkrem, C., Danilowicz, S., Sauda, E., Souvenir, R., Spurlock, S., Lanclos, D., Thomsen, R. M., Tamke, M., Gengnagel, C., Faircloth, B., Scheurer, F.
Added May 2016

Designing Team Rooms for Collaboration In The Outpatient Clinics

Author(s): DuBose, J., Lim, L., Westlake, R.
Healthcare systems in the U.S. are gradually shifting from “episodic” care delivered in silos to more team-oriented and coordinated approaches. Ambulatory care environments in particular are adopting the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model, which is an integrated, team-based model designed to optimize treatment and management of patients.
Key Point Summary
Added April 2017

Behavioral Healthcare Design: Ten Things You ‘Know’ That ‘Just Ain’t So’

Author(s): Hunt, James M.
Added July 2020

Fall prevention and bathroom safety in the epilepsy monitoring unit

Author(s): Spritzer, S. D., Riordan, K. C., Berry, J., Corbett, B. M., Gerke, J. K., Hoerth, M. T., Crepeau, A. Z., Drazkowski, J. F., Sirven, J. I., Noe, K. H.
Injury-inducing falls are one of the most common harmful events that occur in epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). Considering the risk provoked by epileptic symptoms such as spontaneous seizures, patients admitted to EMUs may be more likely to sustain falling injuries over patients in other areas of the hospital.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2015

Factors affecting optimal lighting use in shared hospital environments: A case-study

Author(s): Maleetipwan-Mattsson, P., Laike, T., Johansson, M
The consumption of energy is high in hospitals. Artificial lighting, according to the authors, uses a sizable proportionate share of a hospital’s electricity consumption. The authors refer to literature that identifies two factors influencing the use of lighting and the consequent energy consumption: the design features of a building and the behavior of the facility’s occupants.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2015

A hierarchical facility layout planning approach for large and complex hospitals

Author(s): Helber, S., Böhme, D., Oucherif, F., Lagershausen, S., Kasper, S.
Added November 2015

A study of agitation, conflict and containment in association with change in ward physical environment

Author(s): Jenkins, O., Dye, S., Foy, C.
Patients in psychiatric intensive care units or PICUs can be a threat to themselves, staff, and other patients because of aggressive and agitated behavior. The authors allude to past research where such behavior has been attributed to age, gender, diagnosis, psychopathology, substance abuse, staff-patient interaction, as well as staff, patient, and environmental traits.
Key Point Summary
Added October 2015

Impact of the Physical Environment of Residential Health, Care, and Support Facilities (RHCSF) on Staff and Residents A Systematic Review of the Literature

Author(s): Joseph, A., Choi, Y.-S., Quan, X.
Strategies related to the design of the built environment should be considered within the context of the culture of the organization and the resident population. This study of the physical environment of residential health, care, and support facilities addresses the range of settings and population, where other studies have been lacking. The literature review strongly suggests that the built environment is an important component of care provided in residential care settings.
Key Point Summary
Added May 2016

Individualizing hospital care for children and young people with learning disabilities: it's the little things that make the difference

Author(s): Oulton, K., Sell, D., Kerry, S., Gibson, F.
People with learning disabilities (LDs) represent one of the largest groups with a lifelong disability, reaching nearly 60 million people worldwide. In England alone, it is estimated that 1.5 million people live with an LD, 286,000 of them being children and young people ages 0-17. It has been found that those with LD have more hospital admissions and greater hospital stays than those children without.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2016