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Knowledge Repository

A complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references MoreLess about the Knowledge Repository

The Knowledge Repository is a complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references that continues to grow with the latest peer-reviewed publications. Start with our Knowledge Repository for all of your searches for articles and research citations on healthcare design topics. Access full texts through the source link, read key point summaries, or watch slidecasts. Expand your search and find project briefs, interviews, and other relevant resources by visiting our Insights & Solutions page.


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Displaying 81 - 100 of 472

The relationship between soundscapes and challenging behavior: A small-scale intervention study in a healthcare organization for individuals with severe or profound intellectual disabilities

Author(s): van den Bosch, K. A., Andringa, T. C., Post, W. J., Ruijssenaars, W. A., Vlaskamp, Carla
Added June 2018

Psychiatric ward design can reduce aggressive behavior

Author(s): Ulrich, R. S., Bogren, L., Gardiner, S. K., Lundin, S.
Added July 2018

Sink-Related Outbreaks and Mitigation Strategies in Healthcare Facilities

Author(s): Parkes, L. O., Hota, S. S.
Hand hygiene activities, such as simple handwashing procedures within designated sinks, have been regarded as an effective way to prevent infections for over a century. As hospitals increase in size and are expected to provide treatment to increasingly large patient populations in the future, hand hygiene protocols and sink designs should be continually assessed so that rates of infection remain as minimal as possible.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2018

Effects of Emergency Department Physical Design Elements on Security, Wayfinding, Visibility, Privacy, and Efficiency and its Implications on Staff Satisfaction and Performance

Author(s): Zamani, Z.
While it is commonly known that emergency departments (EDs) are often challenging and stressful work environments, it is less understood how the physical design of the ED environment contributes to staff performance and satisfaction, especially in the context of five important subtopics: security, visibility, wayfinding, privacy, and efficiency.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2018

A multi-component patient-handling intervention improves attitudes and behaviors for safe patient handling and reduces aggression experienced by nursing staff: A controlled before-after study

Author(s): Risør, B. W., Casper, S. D., Andersen, L.L, Sørensen, J.
Added December 2016

Mental and behavioral health settings: Importance & effectiveness of environmental qualities & features as perceived by staff

Author(s): Shepley, M. M., Watson, A., Pitts, F., Garrity, A., Spelman, E., Fronsman, A., Kelkar, J.
While many previous studies have examined how facility designs can benefit patients within non-psychiatric acute care settings, there is a lack of research exploring how physical environments can be better suited to promote the health of patients in mental and behavioral health (MBH) facilities.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2017

Balancing the Human Touch with the Need for Integrating Technology in Ambulatory Surgical Environments: Barriers and Facilitators to Nursing Work and Care Team Interactions

Author(s): Joseph, A., Wingler, D., Zamani, Z.
There is a lack of information to support the design of the rapidly growing number of ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs). These centers have become more popular as trends in reimbursement, technology, and services have evolved. Research is needed to inform how the built environment of ambulatory surgical environments impacts the critical interactions between people, supplies, and equipment.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2017

Examining Relationships between Physical Environments and Behaviors of Residents with Dementia in a Retrofit Special Care Unit

Author(s): Mobley, C., Leigh, K., Malinin, L.
Individuals with late-stage dementia often receive treatment in Specialized Care Units (SCUs) when other nursing home facilities can no longer support their socio-behavioral and physical needs. Generally, SCUs aim to maximize patient quality of life (QoL) by mitigating potential environmental stressors and improving the functional status of the patients themselves.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2017

Patient Needs and Environments for Cancer Infusion Treatment

Author(s): Wang, Z., Pukszta, M.
Roughly 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with cancer every year, and more than 50% of cancer patients receive chemotherapy for treatment. Chemotherapy is delivered through infusion, which uses an intravenous (IV) administration and support system to deliver treatment.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2017

Environmental audits and process flow mapping to assess management of solid waste and wastewater from a healthcare facility: an Italian case study

Author(s): Vaccari, M., Montasser, W., Tudor, T., Leone, L.
Despite the growing number of policies and legislative drivers aiming for more sustainable resource management approaches and general environmental improvements, there is still a need for more research focusing on the improvement of waste and wastewater management.
Key Point Summary
Added June 2017

Noise Reduction in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Quality Improvement Initiative

Author(s): Ahamed, M. F., Campbell, D., Horan, S., Rosen, O.
Elevated noise levels are regularly associated with adverse health effects among patients within healthcare environments. Infants are particularly vulnerable to elevated noise levels due to the immaturity of their auditory pathways, implying that neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have an even greater responsibility for reducing noise levels.
Key Point Summary
Added June 2017

Nursing staff’s experiences of working in an evidence-based designed ICU patient room—An interview study

Author(s): Sundberg, F., Olausson, S., Fridh, I., Lindahl, B.
Intensive care unit nurses use technology and systems that may not have existed when their nursing units were constructed. Nurses often must work around machines and in narrow spaces to deliver complex care to critically ill patients.
Key Point Summary
Added June 2017

Evaluation of hospital outdoor spaces through users’ participation analysis

Author(s): Djukanovic, Z., Maric, J., Giofrè, F.
Hospital outdoor spaces (HOS) have an important role in healthcare facilities that specifically impacts the healing process. Literature reviewed by the authors refers to HOS as left-over spaces for supporting other medical activities.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2017

Impact of Multisensory Environments on Behavior for People With Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review

Author(s): Lorusso, L. N., Bosch, S. J.
Added September 2017

A comparative study of patients’ activities and interactions in a stroke unit before and after reconstruction—The significance of the built environment

Author(s): Anåker, A., von Koch, L., Sjöstrand, C., Bernhardt, J., Elf, M.
Several previous studies have shown that effective care in a stroke unit requires early rehabilitation and mobilization among patients, as well as the presence of multidisciplinary stroke experts and comprehensive therapies. Though the concept of evidence-based design have been applied to a wide variety of specific medical environments and situations, its application to the physical environment surrounding patients who are recovering from strokes requires further investigation.
Key Point Summary
Added September 2017

Structuring the Environmental Experience Design Research Framework through Selected Aged Care Facility Data Analyses in Victoria

Author(s): Ma, N., Chau, H.-W., Zhou, J., Noguchi, M.
There is a strong relationship between the behavior of building occupants and the spaces they use. The design of such spaces affects their psychological well-being in ways that are not fully understood.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2017

Bright Light Delights: Effects of Daily Light Exposure on Emotions, Restactivity Cycles, Sleep and Melatonin Secretion in Severely Demented Patients

Author(s): Münch, M., Schmieder, M., Bieler, K., Goldbach, R., Fuhrmann, T., Zumstein, N., Vonmoos, P., Scartezzini, J.-L., Wirz-Justice, A., Cajochen, C.
Exposure to sufficient light on a daily basis is important for individuals to maintain their health. Studies have shown that light has an effect on heart rate, body temperature, human behavior, mood, body hormones, genes, and cognitive ability.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2017

The Influence of the Physical Environment on Residents With Dementia in Long-Term Care Settings: A Review of the Empirical Literature

Author(s): Chaudhury, H., Cooke, H. A., Cowie, H., Razaghi, L.
Several studies have shown that properly designed interior spaces have a positive effect on residents with dementia in long-term care facilities. Wayfinding and orientation can be enhanced through good planning of the facility as well as activities of daily living and autonomy.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2017

The effects of spectral tuning of evening ambient light on melatonin suppression, alertness and sleep

Author(s): Rahman, S. A., St Hilaire, M. A., Lockley, S. W.
Added November 2017

Night-time activity forecast by season and weather in a longitudinal design - natural light effects on three years' rest-activity cycles in nursing home residents with dementia

Author(s): Wahnschaffe, A., Nowozin, C., Rath, A., Floessner, T., Appelhoff, S., Münch, M., Kunz, D.
Elderly nursing home residents with dementia suffer from night-time agitation due to the lack of adequate exposure to natural light. Short winter days and overcast skies have a strong effect on circadian rhythm and motor activities.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2017