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Healthcare Environmental Terms and Outcome Measures: An Evidence-based Design Glossary

Originally Published:
CHD Produced|Full Article Available
Key Concepts/Context
A key issue increasingly restricting the development and application of evidence-based design (EBD) research is the lack of a standard glossary of terms, definitions, metrics, and measurement tools. As the first step of developing a standard EBD glossary, a comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify variables and metrics in existing EBD research that examined relationships between environmental elements and healthcare outcomes in seven high-priority topic areas: healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), medical errors, patient falls, patient satisfaction, patient waiting, staff efficiency, and staff satisfaction. 
Design Category
Acoustic Environment|Adjacencies/department|Building location/site optimization|Furniture, Fixtures & Equipment (FF&E)|Interior Material|Lighting (artificial and natural)|Room configuration and layout|Unit configuration and layout|Ventilation and air-conditioning system
Ambulatory care facilities|Hospitals|Other healthcare facilities|Residential healthcare facilities
Outcome Category
Error related outcomes|Fall related outcomes|HAI related outcomes|Patient satisfaction and comfort|Staff productivity / efficiency|Staff satisfaction
Environmental Condition Category
Attractiveness of physical environment|Distraction/interruption|Environmental hygiene|Lighting|Patient Satisfaction and Comfort|Sound
Research Category
Environments|Methodology|Patients|Quality of Care|Staff|Worker Safety
Primary Author
Quan, X.