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Knowledge Repository

Outpatient surgery care unit work process redesign

Author(s): Kildea-Pahl, D., Baltimore, J., Kosiara, B.

Tap water colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a surgical intensive care unit (ICU) and relation to Pseudomonas infections of ICU patients

Author(s): Trautmann, M., Michalsky, T., Wiedeck, H., Radosavljevic, V., Ruhnke, M.

Effect of flooring on standing comfort and fatigue

Author(s): Cham, R., Redfern, M. S.
Standing for extended periods of time, especially within restricted areas, has been shown to exacerbate a variety of health problems often related to lower-body tiredness, swelling, and pain. Previous studies investigating how different flooring materials and their varying properties (stiffness, elasticity, and energy absorption) contribute to these health problems have shown conflicting results.
Key Point Summary

Health effect of improved meal ambiance in a Dutch nursing home: a 1-year intervention study

Author(s): Mathey, M. F., Vanneste, V. G., de Graaf, C., de Groot, L. C., van Staveren, W. A.

Feeling at home in nursing homes

Author(s): De Veer, A. J. E., Kerkstra, A.

Visual Risk Factors for Falls in Older People

Author(s): Lord, S. R., Dayhew, J.

A randomized controlled trial to prevent patient lift and transfer injuries of health care workers

Author(s): Yassi, A., Cooper, J. E., Tate, R. B., Gerlach, S., Muir, M., Trottier, J., Massey, K., Abushousheh, A.
Back injury to nursing staff during patient-handling tasks is a major issue in healthcare. The value of mechanical assistive devices in reducing injuries to these workers is unclear.  
Key Point Summary

Using external memory aids to increase room finding by older adults with dementia

Author(s): Nolan, B. A., Mathews, R. M., Harrison, M.
Memory deficits are commonly experienced by seniors with Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Disorientation is a memory-related skill deficit that leads to reduced mobility and inhibits independence. Further, it is upsetting for residents when they can't find their rooms and often repeatedly ask staff to help them. Some research suggests that display cases with the residents’ personal memorabilia can help those with moderately severe dementia locate their rooms.
Key Point Summary

Quality Improvement Practices: Enhancing Quality of Life During Mealtimes

Author(s): Evans, B. C., Crogan, N. L.
Studies identified that malnutrition affects up to 54% of the 1.5 million Americans over age 65 who reside in the nation’s 20,000 nursing homes and can lead to death or chronic disability. Physical causes of malnutrition include altered sensation, medication effects, and impaired feeding ability. Psychological causes include cognitive impairment, depression, and social isolation. Mealtime is also a very important time of day for residents of nursing homes since it is a time for socialization, remembering family and past events, and enjoying the sensory experience of eating. The mealtime experience can enhance the quality of life for residents in nursing homes. 
Key Point Summary

Noise and related events in neonatal intensive care unit

Author(s): Chang, Y. J., Lin, C. H., Lin, L. H.
Noise contributes to environmental stress to premature infants, who often spend long periods of time in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Some research indicates that noise contributes to higher incidences of hearing loss, as well as cardiovascular, respirator, endocrine, and behavioral deficits. Some of the noise might be reduced by studying different aspects of NICU settings (i.e., wards, personnel, equipment, and procedures).
Key Point Summary