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Knowledge Repository

A complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references MoreLess about the Knowledge Repository

The Knowledge Repository is a complete, user-friendly database of healthcare design research references that continues to grow with the latest peer-reviewed publications. Start with our Knowledge Repository for all of your searches for articles and research citations on healthcare design topics. Access full texts through the source link, read key point summaries, or watch slidecasts. Expand your search and find project briefs, interviews, and other relevant resources by visiting our Insights & Solutions page.


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Displaying 1 - 20 of 585

The impact of sensory stimuli on healthcare workers and outcomes in trauma rooms: A focus group study

Author(s): Bayramzadeh, S., Ahmadpour, S.
Research demonstrates that excessive sensory stimuli in healthcare settings can negatively impact patient, staff, and organizational outcomes. Because emergency department (ED) trauma areas can be especially chaotic, understanding issues related to noise, lighting, and temperature is the first step toward addressing the problem.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2023

A systematic review of ventilation solutions for hospital wards: Addressing cross-infection and patient safety

Author(s): Nourozi, B., Wierzbicka, A., Yao, R., Sadrizadeh, S.
Added November 2023

Chapter 14 - Redesigning the operating room for safety

Author(s): Fassbinder, M., Abernathy, J. H., Sanchez, J. A., Higgins, R. S. D., Kent, P. S.
Added October 2023

Identifying built environment risk factors to provider workflow and patient safety using simulation-based evaluation of a pediatric ICU room

Author(s): Mihandoust, S., Joseph, A., Colman, N.
Added October 2023

Safety in health care: The impact of operating room design

Author(s): Heinke, T. L., Joseph, A., Carroll, D.
Added September 2023

How Visibility May Reduce Security Issues in Community Hospitals’ Emergency Departments

Author(s): Gharaveis, A., Hamilton, D. K., Pati, D., Shepley, M. M., Rodiek, S., McCall, D.
Research shows that many environmental factors have been employed to improve emergency department (ED) safety. Visibility as a design factor, an operational factor, and a layout characteristic can be leveraged to improve both safety and care efficiency.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2023

Clinical, Humanistic and Economic Outcomes, Including Experiencing of Patient Safety Events, Associated with Admitting Patients to Single Rooms Compared with Shared Accommodation for Acute Hospital Admissions: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

Author(s): Bertuzzi, A., Martin, A., Clarke, N., Springate, C., Ashton, R., Smith, W., Orlowski, A., McPherson, D.
Added August 2023

The impact of physical environments on outpatient mental health recovery: A design-oriented qualitative study of patient perspectives

Author(s): Sui, T. Y., McDermott, S., Harris, B., Hsin, h.
Patient-centered (or human-centered) design approaches have helped designers to better understand patient needs and expectations during mental health treatment. Previous studies show evidence that the physical environment has an impact on the human experience, and the importance of environments that support feelings all humans strive for, including normalcy, safety, control, and belonging.
Key Point Summary
Added May 2023

Assembling atmospheres, encountering care: Risk, affect, and safety in the cystic fibrosis clinic

Author(s): Martin, D., Buse, C., Brown, N., Nettleton, S., Lewis, A., Chapman, L.
Added April 2023

On the restorative break: Understanding the role of break room design on nurse engagement and satisfaction

Author(s): Lorusso, L., Ossmann, M., Orozco, T., Lawson, L.
Research demonstrates that breaks are important in mitigating the physical, cognitive, and emotional demands of nursing work. It is important that nursing unit break areas are not only accessible but also restorative.
Key Point Summary
Added April 2023

A qualitative study of hospital interior environments during the COVID-19 pandemic

Author(s): Bae, S.
There is a substantial body of research on the relationship between the physical environment and human health, and more recently, a growing understanding around how the healthcare environment impacts users, such as healthcare personnel.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2023

Coping and caregiving: Leveraging environmental design to moderate stress among healthcare workers in the emergency department setting

Author(s): Bosch, S. J., Valipoor, S., Alakshendra, A., De Portu, G., Mohammadigorji, S., Rittenbacher, D., Black, K., Calienes, E.
Research demonstrates that healthcare work is demanding and emergency departments (EDs) are known to be particularly stressful. There is a lack of information about relationships between the built environment and the behaviors clinicians use to cope with work-related stress.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2023

Effects of the physical environment on children and families in hospital-based emergency departments: A systematic literature review

Author(s): Gripko, M., Joseph, A., MohammadiGorji, S.
The emergency department (ED) environment is often a very stressful place, especially for young children and their families. Previous studies show that highly stimulating environments may increase anxiety. There are many complex relationships among the physical environment and healthcare outcomes in the emergency department, and themes in this study include control, positive distractions, family and social supports, and designing for a safe and comfortable experience.
Key Point Summary
Added February 2023

Augmenting patient safety through participation by design – An assessment of dual monitors for patients in the outpatient clinic

Author(s): Asan, O., Choudhury, A., Somai, M. M., Crotty, B. H.
Added December 2022

Analysis of functional layout in emergency departments (ED). Shedding light on the free standing emergency department (FSED) model

Author(s): Brambilla, A., Mangili, S., Das, M., Lal, S., Capolongo, S.
Research shows that emergency departments (EDs) are facing overcrowding, increasing patient acuity, and short staffing, which all are impacting wait times to be seen and patient satisfaction scores.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2022

Using architectural mapping to understand behavior and space utilization in a surgical waiting room of a safety net hospital

Author(s): Liao, E. N., Chehab, L. Z., Ossmann, M., Alpers, B., Patel, D., Sammann, A.
Added December 2022

Sound Control for Improved Outcomes in Healthcare Settings

Author(s): Joseph, A., Ulrich, R. S.
Added December 2022

The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital of the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity

Author(s): Ulrich, R. S., Zimring, C., Quan, X., Joseph, A., Choudhary, R.
Added December 2022

Operating room design using agent-based simulation to reduce room obstructions

Author(s): Taaffe, K., Ferrand, Y. B., Khoshkenar, A., Fredendall, L., San, D., Rosopa, P., Joseph, A.
Research shows that the operating room layout and design can play an integral role in how a procedure is carried out and how flow disruptions can be minimized to optimize outcomes. Despite past research aimed toward improving room layout and providing recommendations to minimize surgical site infections, there remains a lack of evidence demonstrating how these physical environment factors affect safety and efficiency performance.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2022

Designing a cardiac intensive care unit by employing an evidence-based design approach

Author(s): Alansari, A., Quan, X.
Research shows that the design of the physical environment of cardiac intensive care units (CICUs) plays a significant role in patient outcomes, patient safety, and quality of care. Evidence-based design decisions further influence healthcare personnel well-being, such as reducing workplace injuries and workers’ compensation claims.
Key Point Summary
Added December 2022